Do you follow developments in the Open Access (OA) movement? If so, you’ll have heard the exciting news on the Canadian front. This past October, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) together launched a consultation on a harmonized open access policy.
The consultation document, entitled the Draft Tri-Agency Open Access Policy, is modeled after the CIHR Open Access Policy that has been in place since 2008. The CIHR policy states that peer-reviewed journal articles must be freely accessible within 12 months of publication. The CIHR policy remains in effect throughout the consultation process. The proposed policy would apply to CIHR grants as well as SSHRC and NSERC grants awarded after September 1, 2014. More information and answers to frequently asked questions are posted on the NSERC website.
The consultation stage of the proposal will end on December 13th. NSERCC and SSHRC are calling for individual as well as collective responses to be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
dissemination. In the traditional structure of scholarly communication, these benefits are not optimally realized. The scholarly community – indeed humanity – has an increasing need for swift communication of knowledge. The Internet can help enable this. Reform is imperative in a communication structure that impedes the realization of such benefits.
- Publishers are growing
increasingly accommodating. Of the 1350 publishers in the RoMEO database, 71% have policies
that permit the author to archive their pre-prints, post-prints, or both (coded
yellow – preprints only; blue – post-prints only; green – pre-prints and
When an author archives a pre-print or post-print article to a subject or institutional repository, it is called Green OA. With Green OA, the peer-review process happens elsewhere and the author takes the action to make the deposit. The Tri-Agencies recognize deposit in a repository as satisfying the free accessibility requirement.
- Gold OA is the type that
happens via journals, either open access journals or journals that offer an
open access option. More publishers are offering an open access option to their
authors, with a fee paid by the author.
The Tri-Agencies recognize the fee as eligible for grant funding.
- Researchers have started taking
advantage of leverage available to them. An author is not obliged to sign away
all rights to his/her work. Simply scratching out parts of an agreement deemed
unnecessarily restrictive is an option, as is insertion of desired rights. Key rights include such things as the right
to share a published article with colleagues (even colleagues not affiliated
with an institution that subscribes to the journal); the right to post a
version of an article on a personal web site or a subject or institutional
repository; and the right to reuse portions in a subsequent work.
To assist the author with customizing a publisher’s agreement, SPARC provides an author’s addendum that can be completed and submitted along with the publisher’s agreement. The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) provides a SPARC Canadian Author Addendum.
Options for UW Faculty
Green OA is another avenue. After consulting the RoMEO database, an author might choose to submit to a journal that is listed there as allowing archiving the post-print to a repository.
Having completed an upgrade in the repository software application, the Library is about to embark on an expansion of UWSpace to contain additional document types, including faculty research. Posting to UWSpace would meet the Tri-agencies’ proposed requirements. So stay tuned! We’ll have updates on the UWSpace development in the near future.